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NO. 27 OF 1993

[2nd April, 1993]


An Act to constitute a National Commission for Backward Classes other than the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.


   BE it enacted by Parliament in the Forty-fourth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-





1. Short title, extent and commencement. (1) This Act may be called the National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993.

      (2)  It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

      (3)  It shall be deemed to have come into force on the 1st day of February, 1993.


2. Definitions. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-

          (a)   "backward  classes"  means  such  backward  classes  of  citizens  other than the Scheduled Castes and  the  Scheduled Tribes, as  may be specified by the Central Government in the lists;

          (b)   "Commission" means the National Commission for Backward Classes constituted under section 3;

          (c)   "lists" means lists prepared by the Government of India from  time to time, for purposes of making provision for  the reservation  of appointments or posts in favour of  backward classes of citizens which, in the opinion of that Government, are  not  adequately represented in the  services  under  the Government  of India and any local or other authority  within the territory of India or under the control of the Government of India;

          (d)   "Member" means a Member of the Commission and includes the Chairperson;

          (e)  "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made  under  this Act.





3. Constitution of National Commission for Backward Classes.  (1) The  Central  Government shall constitute a body to be  known  as  the National  Commission  for  Backward Classes  to  exercise  the  powers conferred on, and to perform the functions assigned to, it under  this Act.

      (2)  The Commission shall consist of the following Members nominated by the Central Government:-

          (a)   a Chairperson,  who  is or has been  a  Judge  of  the Supreme Court or of a High Court;

          (b)   a social scientist;

          (c)   two persons,  who have special  knowledge  in  matters relating to backward classes; and

          (d)   a  Member-Secretary, who is or has been an  officer  of the  Central  Government in the rank of a  Secretary  to  the Government of India.


4. Term of office and conditions of service of Chairperson and Members. (1) Every Member shall hold office for a term of three years from the date he assumes office.

      (2)  A  Member  may, by writing under his hand addressed  to  the Central  Government, resign from the office of Chairperson or, as  the ease may be, of Member at any time.

      (3)  The Central Government shall remove a person from the office of Member if that person-

          (a)   becomes an undischarged insolvent;

          (b) is convicted and sentenced to imprisonment for an offence which,  in  the opinion of the Central  Government,  Involves moral turpitude;

          (c)   becomes of  unsound mind and stands so declared  by  a competent court;

          (d)   refuses to act or becomes, incapable of acting;

          (e)   is,  without  obtaining  leave  of  absence  from   the Commission,  absent  from three consecutive meetings  of  the Commission; or

          (f)   has,  in  the  opinion of the  Central  Government,  so abused  the  position of Chairperson or Member as  to  render that  person's  continuance  in  office  detrimental  to  the interests of backward classes or the public interest:

          Provided that no person shall be removed under this clause

          until that  person has been given an  opportunity  of  being

          heard in the matter.

      (4)  A vacancy caused under sub-section (2) or otherwise shall be filled by fresh nomination.

      (5)  The salaries and allowances payable to, and the other terms and conditions of service of, the Chairperson and Members  shall  be such as may be prescribed.


5. Officers and other employees of the Commission. (1) The Central Government  shall  provide  the  Commission  with  such  officers  and employees  as  may be necessary for the efficient performance  of  the functions of the Commission.

      (2)  The salaries and allowances payable to, and the other  terms and  conditions  of  service  of, the  officers  and  other  employees appointed  for the purpose of the Commission shall be such as  may  be prescribed.


6. Salaries and allowances to be paid out of grants. The  salaries and  allowances  payable  to  the  Chairperson  and  Members  and  the administrative  expenses, including salaries, allowances and  pensions payable to the officers and other employees referred to in section  5, shall  be  paid out of the grants referred to in  sub-section  (1)  of section 12.


7. Vacancies, etc., not to invalidate proceedings of the Commission. No act or proceeding of the Commission shall be invalid on the ground merely of the existence of any vacancy or defect in the constitution of the Commission.


8. Procedure to be regulated by the Commission. (1) The Commission shall meet as and when necessary at such time and place as the Chairperson may think fit.

      (2)  The Commission shall regulate its own procedure.

      (3)  All  orders  and  decisions  of  the  Commission  shall  be authenticated  by  the Member-Secretary or any other  officer  of  the Commission duly authorised by the Member-Secretary in this behalf.





9. Functions  of the Commission. (1) The Commission shall examine requests for inclusion of any class of citizens as a backward class in the lists and hear complaints of over-inclusion or under-inclusion of any backward class in such lists and tender such advice to the Central

 Government as it deems appropriate.

      (2)  The advice  of the Commission shall ordinarily  be  binding upon the Central Government.


10. Powers  of  the  Commission. The  Commission  shall,  while performing  its functions under sub-section (1) of section 9, have  all the  powers  of  a civil court trying a suit  and  in  particular,  in respect of the following matters, namely:-

          (a)   summoning and enforcing the attendance of  any  person from any part of India and examining him on oath;

          (b)   requiring the discovery and production of any document;

          (c)   receiving evidence on affidavits;

          (d)  requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office;

          (e)   issuing  commissions for the examination  of  witnesses and documents; and

          (f)   any other matter which may be prescribed.


11. Periodic revision of lists by the Central Government.  (1) The Central Government may at any time, and shall, at the expiration  of ten years from the coming into force of this Act and every  succeeding period of ten years thereafter, undertake revision of the lists with a view to excluding from such lists those classes who have ceased to  be backward classes or for including in such lists new backward classes.

      (2)  The Central Government shall, while undertaking any revision referred to in sub-section (1), consult the Commission.





12. Grants  by the Central Government. (1) The  Central  Government shall,  after  due  appropriation made by Parliament by  law  in  this behalf,  pay to the Commission by way of grants such sums of money  as the  Central  Government  may think fit for  being  utilised  for  the purposes of this Act.

      (2)  The Commission may spend such sums as it thinks fit for per- forming  the functions under this Act, and such sums shall be  treated as  expenditure payable out of the grants referred to  in  sub-section (1).


13. Accounts and audit. (1) The Commission shall maintain  proper accounts and other relevant records and prepare an annual statement of accounts  in such form as may be prescribed by the Central  Government in Consultation with the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India.

      (2)  The accounts of the Commission shall be audited by the Comptroller and Auditor-General at such intervals as may be specified by him  and any expenditure incurred in connection with such audit  shall be payable by the Commission to the Comptroller and Auditor-General.

      (3)  The Comptroller and Auditor-General and any person appointed by him in connection with the audit of the accounts of the  Commission under  this  Act  shall have the same rights and  privileges  and  the authority  in  connection  with  such audit  as  the  Comptroller  and Auditor-General   generally  has  in  connection  with  the  audit  of Government accounts and, in particular, shall have the right to demand the  production  of  books, accounts,  connected  vouchers  and  other documents  and  papers  and  to inspect any  of  the  offices  of  the Commission.


14. Annual report. The Commission shall prepare, in such form  and at such  time,  for each financial year, as may  be  prescribed,  its annual  report,  giving a full account of its  activities  during  the previous  financial  year and forward a copy thereof  to  the  Central Government.


15. Annual report and audit report to be laid before Parliament. The Central Government shall cause the annual report, together with  a memorandum  of action taken on the advice tendered by  the  Commission under section 9 and the reasons for the non-acceptance, if any, of any such  advice, and the audit report to be laid as soon as may be  after they are received before each House of Parliament.





16. Chairperson, Members and employees of the Commission to be public servants.  The Chairperson, Members and employees of the Commission shall be deemed to be public servants within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860).


17. Power to make rules. (1) The Central Government  may,  by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for carrying out  the provisions of this Act.

      (2)  In  particular, and without prejudice to the  generality  of the  foregoing  powers, such rules may provide for all or any  of  the following matters, namely: -

          (a)   salaries and allowances payable to, and the other terms and  conditions  of service of, the Chairperson  and  Members under sub-section (5) of section 4 and the officers and other employees under sub-section (2) of section 5;

          (b)   the  form  in which the annual  statement  of  accounts shall be prepared under sub-section (1) of section 13;

          (c)   the  form in, and the time at, which the annual  report shall be prepared under section 14;

          (d)   any other  matter,  which is required to be or  may  be prescribed

      (3)  Every rule made under this Act shall be laid, as soon as may be  after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is  in session,  for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised  in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before  the expiry  of  the  session  immediately following  the  session  or  the successive  sessions  aforesaid,  both  Houses  agree  in  making  any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be  made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such  modified form  or  be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however,  that  any such  modification  or  annulment shall be without  prejudice  to  the validity of anything previously done under that rule.


18. Power to remove difficulties. (1) If any difficulty arises  in giving  effect to the provisions of this Act, the  Central  Government may, by order published in the Official Gazette, make provisions,  not inconsistent  with  the provisions of this Act as appear to it  to  be necessary or expedient, for removing the difficulty:

      Provided  that no such order shall be made after the expiry of  a  period of two years from the date of commencement of this Act.

      (2)  Every order made under this section shall, as soon as may be after it  is made, be laid before each House of Parliament.


19. Repeal  and saving. (1) The National Commission  for  Backward Classes Ordinance, 1993 (Ord. 23 of 1993) is hereby repealed.

      (2)  Notwithstatnding  such repeal, anything done or  any  action taken  under the said Ordinance, shall be deemed to have been done  or taken under the corresponding provisions of this Act.



Source: http://indiacode.nic.in/

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